Yang Jin Hua (Flos Daturae)——Ben Cao Gang Mu (Compendium of Materia Medica)
The Processing of Flos Daturae
The dry flower of Datura metel L. of family solanaceae.
Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Fujian provinces and so on in China.
Collected from April to November.
The actual smell and taste
Light smell, astringent and bitter taste.
No calyces, large flower, thick quality, regularity, yellowish-brown and with nice smell.
Dried in the sun or low temperature drying, unprocessed.
The Effect of Flos Daturae
Pungent, warm, toxic; lung and liver meridians entered.
Relieve cough and dyspnea, alleviate pain, stop spasm.
A. Cough and dyspnea
With strong actions of relieving cough and dyspnea, it is indicated for cough and dyspnea without phlegm or less phlegm. It is often indicated when other herbs have not good action. It is suitable to treat cold cough and dyspnea. It can be used singly in powder, or its dry flower can be sliced and rolled for smoking, or combined with other herbs.
B. Various pain syndromes
It has good action of alleviating pain for most place of body. It can be singly indicated for kinds of pain, such as chest and abdomen pain, wind-damp arthralgia pain, traumatic injury pain. Large dose of this herb has anesthetic action, so it can be used as narcotic in ancient time. For instance, it is combined with Chuan Wu, Cao Wu and Jiang Huang and so on in Zheng Gu Ma Yao Fang from from Yi Zong Jin Jian.
C. Epilepsy, chronic infantile convulsions
It is indicated for epilepsy and chronic infantile convulsions with its action of stopping spasm. It is combined with wind-extinguishing, spasm-stopping herbs and phlegm-resolving herbs, such as Quan Xie, Tian Ma and Tian Nan Xing and so on.
Dosage and Administrations
Orally take in pills or powder, 0.3~0.6 g. Make smoke for smoking less than l.5g one day. Take proper dose for external application by washing or spreading with powder.
It is toxic, so its dosage should be controlled. It is contraindicated for wind-cold contraction and heat-phlegm cough and dyspnea, glaucoma, hypertension and tachycardia. It should be used with cautions for the pregnant women or weakling people.