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益母草

Yi Mu Cao
Yi Mu Cao #

Naming

Yi Mu Cao (Herba Leonuri)——Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing (Shen Nong’s Herbal)

  1. Yi Mu Cao
  2. Motherwort Herb
  3. Herba Leonuri

The Processing of 益母草

Origin

The airborne part of annual or biennial herbaceous plant Leonurus japonicus Houtt. of family Labiatae.

Location

Everywhere in China.

Harvest

Collected in summer when stem and leaves flourish and flower not bloom or beginning of blossom.

The actual smell and taste

Light smell and lightly bitter taste.

Best quality

Tender, flourish, gray green.

Processing

Unprocessed, processed with wine or made ointment.

The Effect of 益母草

Property

Pungent, bitter, lightly cold; liver, heart and bladder meridians entered.

Actions

Activate blood and regulate menstruation, promote diuresis and dissolve edema, clear heat and relieve toxicity.

Indications

A. Various syndromes caused by blood stasis such as amenorrhea due to stasis, dysmenorrhea, and postpartum abdominal stagnant pain

This herb enters blood system and can move stagnant blood, dispel blood stasis, generate new blood and regulate menstruation. It dispels stasis and promotes generation without retaining stasis serving as a key herb used before and after pregnancy and delivery in gynecology. It is mainly indicated for various gestational and labor diseases caused by heat accumulation and blood stasis so it is named "mother-benefiting". When it is indicated for syndrome of blood stasis such as traumatic injuries, swelling and pain due to stasis and stagnation and chest oppression and pain, the actions of its activating blood and resolving stasis as well as swelling-resolving and pain-alleviating are shown. For amenorrhea due to stasis, dysmenorrhea, unsmooth menstruating, irregular menstruation, postpartum abdominal stagnant pain and lochiorrhea, it is used singly by its actions of activating blood, resolving stasis and regulating menstruation, for instance, Yi Mu Cao Gao from the Pharmacopeia of China (1985 edition). It is also combined with blood-activating and menstruation-regulating herbs such as Dang Gui, Chuan Xiong, Dan Shen and Ze Lan, etc.

B. Edema, dysuria

This herb dredges water passage and relieves edema as well as activates blood and resolves stasis. It is mostly suitable for edema resulted from water and stasis accumulation together. It is used singly or with diuretics such as Bai Mao Gen, Ze Lan and Che Qian Zi, etc.

C. Sore and abscess

This herb has the actions of clearing heat and relieving toxicity and cooling blood and resolving swelling. For sore and abscess, it is usually combined with heat-clearing and toxicity-relieving herbs such as Jin Yin Hua, Lian Qiao and Pu Gong Ying.

Dosage and Administrations

Decoct 10~30 g. Or make ointment and pill. Proper dose for external application. Smashed for external application or washed by its decoction.