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佛手

Fo Shou
Fo Shou #

Fo Shou2
Fo Shou2 #

Naming

Fo Shou (Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis)——Dian Nan Ben Cao (Materia Medica of Diannan)

  1. Fo Shou
  2. Finger Citron
  3. Fructus Citri Sarcodactylis

The Processing of 佛手

Origin

The fruit of Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis Swingle. of family Rutaceae.

Location

Sichuan, Guangdong, Fujian, provinces in China.

Harvest

Collected in autumn when the fruits have not or just turned to yellow.

The true smell and taste

Strongly fragrant, bitter and slightly sweet.

Best quality

Equal size, smooth, green pericarp and white pulp, strongly fragrant.

Processing

Unprocessed.

The Effect of 佛手

Property

Pungent, bitter, warm; liver, spleen, stomach and lung meridians entered.

Actions

Soothe liver and regulate qi, move qi and regulate middle energizer, dry dampness and resolve dampness.

Indications

A. Syndrome of liver depression and qi stagnation

It is good at dispersing stagnant liver qi, moving qi and alleviating pain. For syndrome of liver-qi stagnation manifested as hypochondriac pain and oppression in chest, it is usually combined with the liver-soothing and qi-regulating herbs such as Chai Hu, Yu Jin and Xiang Fu.

B. Syndrome of qi stagnation of spleen and stomach

It is fragrant in smell, enters stomach and spleen meridians and acts for promoting flow of qi and regulating middle energizer. For syndrome of qi stagnation of spleen and stomach manifested as gastric and abdominal distending pain, nausea and vomiting, poor appetite, it is usually combined with Mu Xiang, Chen Pi and Zhi Qiao.

C. Cough with profuse sputum due to phlegm-damp accumulation in lung

It can not only dry dampness and resolve phlegm but also move qi and soothe chest. For cough with profuse sputum due to phlegm-damp accumulation, oppression in chest, or pain in chest and hypochondrium, it is usually combined with the phlegm-resolving and qi-moving herbs such as Ban Xia, Gua Lou and Chen Pi.

Dosage and Administrations

Decoct 3~10 g.